TOP 10 LARGEST TANKER SHIPS IN THE WORLD
Before the inception of tanker ships in the late 19th century, oil was transported in wooden barrels through barges and break-bulk boats. However, this method posed problems at various levels as they were neither leak-proof nor cost effective, and at the same time laborious. It was the development of the first modern oil tanker, Zoroaster, by the Ludwig Nobel, brother of the famous Alfred Nobel that put forth this revolutionary change.
With the advent of tanker ships, this relatively novel idea brought about a sensational metamorphosis in the way bulk transportation of oil or for that matter, any form of liquid or gas was done. Technological advancements led to the development of iron and steel hulls and introduced an effective piping system. As a result, it now allows for a smooth transportation of large quantities of bulk liquid such as oil and gas in hoards.
At present tanker ships is used to carry a wide range of products such as Hydrocarbon products like Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), oil, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) etc., chemicals such as Ammonia, chlorine etc., fresh water, wine, molasses etc.
Following is a list of top ten largest ship tankers in the world:
- Universal Leader
Coming under that category of Very Large Crude Oil Carrier (VLCC), with approximately 300,000 dwt, the vessel was christened Universal Leader in a naming ceremony held by the HMM at Daewoo Ship building & Marine Engineering (DSME)’s Okpo shipyard in Geoje, Korea. The tanker was built two years ago in the year 2019, and has a gross tonnage of 156,331. The vessel’s Length overall (LOA) is 336 meters and width 60 meters.
Flagged by Panama, the Universal Leader is first of the five VLCCs as per the contract between HMM and DSME. The vessel is conditioned with a scrubber system as per the IMO environmental regulations and the novel engines will ensure that the fuel consumption is economically best.
- Shinshu Maru
A tanker vessel delivered in 2019 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries, the Shinshu Maru was second in the line of 177,000 cubic meters LNG carriers. It has a gross tonnage of 138951 and a summer a dwt of 82287 t. Its LOA is 399.9 meters (about the height of the Empire State Building) and breadth is 48 meters.
The carrier has four separate moss type tanks increasing its capacity than the normal standards. Apart from being able to increase the tank ability and therefore being allowed to dock at major LNG terminals, the hull is designed in a way to sustain any major damage to the LNG tanks. One destination of the vessel is the 2016 expanded Panama Canal.
Flagged by the Bahamas, the vessel employs a Dual fuel Diesel (DFD) Engine and is able to use both oil and gas, therefore is fuel efficient as well.
- LNG Schneeweisschen
Registered under the flag of Panama and built in the year 2018, the LNG Schneeweisschen has an LOA of 297.9 meters and beam of 47.9 meters. It has exhibited a maximum speed of 22.4 knots.
LNG Schneeweischen is first in the line of LNG Carriers received by Mitsui OSK Lines Ltd in their contract with the German Utility group Uniper. It has a tank capacity of 180,000 cubic meters and has a gross tonnage and dead weight of 111,000 and 97,000 respectively.
One of the significant features of Schneeweischen is that it is equipped with a slow-moving two-stroke engine (X-DF) capable of running on natural gas, marine gas oil and heavy fuel oil. A much more enthralling feature is the Methane Refrigeration System-Full Re-liquefaction (MRS-F) which along with the X_DF engine returns the re-liquefied extra boil off gas to the LNG cargo tank making it extremely fuel efficient.
- Diamond Gas orchid
The Diamond Gas Orchid, a ship launched in the year 2018 takes the fourth place. The tanker is 297 meter long and 49 meters wide. The vessel’s gross tonnage is 14,828. Built by the Mitsubishi Shipbuilding Co. Ltd. and flagged under Bahamas, the vessel is equipped with Sayaringo-STaGE next generation LNG carrier.
The name Sayaringo is derived from the shape of its tank, which resembles pod of peas (Saya) and an apple (ringo). This technique reduces air resistance thereby increasing the speed, but at the same time increases the tank capacity.
The highly efficient STaGE (Steam Turbine and Gas Engine) engine runs on both gas and oil which leads to a highly fuel efficient Propulsion system. It also promises to be environment friendly as well.
- Flex Courageous
A large carrier of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) with an ability to accommodate 173,400 cubic meters, the vessel was launched in July of 2019. The tanker is 295 meter long and 46 meter wide with a gross tonnage of 110,000 and dead weight of 95618.
Sailing under the flag of Marshall Islands, the ship is Flex LNG’s sixth vessel in a total of 13 vessels. This ship is equipped with two-stroke MEGI engine with a partial recovery system and brings the boil-off rate to 0.075%.
- FSRU BW Magna
Completed in the month of December 2019, The LNG tanker, FSRU BW Magna is custom build for the Gas Natural Acu Project, the biggest power project in Latin America. Further modifications were incorporated on her at the Sembawang Shipyard. The said modifications will ensure to properly contribute to energy and emission savings; as a consequence it will reduce both BW Magna and the project’s environmental footprints.
Sailing under the flag of Singapore, it has a carrying capacity of 1 billion cubic meters per day. It is 294 meter long and 46 meters wide with a gross tonnage and dead weight of 116, 047 and 83,870.
- Gaslog Gladstone
Built by the Samsung Heavy industries under the direction of ABS, The Gaslog Gladstone takes the 7th place in this list. It delivered to the management company Gaslog Ltd on March 15, 2019.
The vessel has a carrying capacity of 174 thousand cubic meters, a length of 293 meters and a width of 46 meters. Its gross tonnage and dead weight is 1, 11,000 and 85 thousand respectively. Sailing under the flag of Bermuda, its maximum speed is 17.8 knots.
Just like our number 3, it is also equipped with an X-DF dual fuel engine to allow maximum propulsion which is both cost effective and environment friendly too.
- Gaslog Greece
The next tanker in the top 10 list is the LNG Tanker the Gaslog Greece. Just like the number 7, this vessel was built and launched by Samsung Heavy industries under ABS in the year 2016.
Sailing under the Flag of Bermuda, its LOA is at 290 meters and 46 meters wide, with a gross tonnage of 112, 764 and dead weight of just under 88,000. The vessel’s draft is 10.7 metres. Among other things the Gaslog Greece boasts of having the innovative dual fuel technology of the Wartsila Engine, which provides flexibility at the same time is highly efficient.
- Pan Africa
Taking the 9th place is an LNG tanker that has the capacity to accommodate 174 thousand cubic meters of liquid gas. Last of the TPG pan series, the vessel operates alongside its sister ships- the Pan Asia of 2017, the Pan Europe of 2018 and the Pan American 2018. With its maiden voyage, the ship entered a 20 year charter for a shell subsidiary.
The Pan Africa was launched in early 2019. It is 290 meters long and 47 meters wide. Its gross tonnage is just under 150 thousand and dead weight is 88, 438. The vessel is currently sailing under the flag of Hong Kong.
- Seri Cemara
Sailing under the flag of Malaysia, it is last in the series of 5 moss type liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers. The vessel has an LOA of 290 meters and its beam is 49 meters. Its gross tonnage and deadweight is 133,948 and 84,291respectively. With a capacity is 150,000 200 cubic meters, it maximum recorded speed is 14.3 knots.
The ship was developed for the MISC fleet by Hyundai Heavy Industries Co. Ltd. to facilitate energy transportation for Petronas, Malaysia’s fully integrated Oil and Gas Company. The ships carries with it an Eco-Notation as a statement to show its compliance to MARPOL designs.
So this was the list of top ten tanker ships in the world. Please gear up for more interesting top ten series coming up shortly.
Hope you enjoyed reading this!